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Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
On the eve of International Women’s Day, Special Operations Command Africa hosts a women's leadership forum in conjunction with Flintlock 2017.
Various photos from the Women’s Leadership Forum, hosted by Special Operations Command Africa and facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America, in N'Djamena, Chad on Mar. 7, 2017, as part of Flintlock ’17.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (U.S. Army photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 1 of 9: Various photos from the Women’s Leadership Forum, hosted by Special Operations Command Africa and facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America, in N'Djamena, Chad on Mar. 7, 2017, as part of Flintlock ’17. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (U.S. Army photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 2 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derik Hamilton/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 3 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derik Hamilton/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 4 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 5 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 6 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum during International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 7 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum during International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 8 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released) Download full-resolution version
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
9 photos: Leading the Way: Women in Chad Address Challenges, Opportunities
Photo 9 of 9: Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017. This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released) Download full-resolution version
Various photos from the Women’s Leadership Forum, hosted by Special Operations Command Africa and facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America, in N'Djamena, Chad on Mar. 7, 2017, as part of Flintlock ’17.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (U.S. Army photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derik Hamilton/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum during International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Richard Bumgardner/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)
Special Operations Command Africa hosted its first Women’s Leadership Forum on the eve of International Women’s Day in N'Djamena, Chad, Mar. 7, 2017, as a part of Exercise Flintlock 2017.  This leadership discussion forum was led by Chadian women from across the spectrum of employment to address Chadian challenges and opportunities, and was facilitated by the U.S. Embassy and Spirit of America. Flintlock is an annual special operations exercise involving more than 20 nation forces that strengthens security institutions, promotes multinational sharing of information, and develops interoperability among partner nation in North and West Africa. (Photo by Sgt. Derek Hamilton/Released)

N’DJAMENA, Chad – The room spun with a diverse pattern of clothing, dialects and languages as 120 women and men from every swath of Chad and the U.S. sipped tea—and discussed how to change their world.

“This is important work,” said Ruth Mawjioloum Beko, a local interpreter wearing a shy smile and a bright red dress. “It must be done.”

Held on the eve of International Women’s Day, Chad’s first ever Women’s Leadership Forum was hosted by Special Operations Command Africa during Flintlock, Mar. 7, 2017, and facilitated by the U.S. Embassy in Chad and Spirit of America, an NGO comprised of U.S. military veterans. The Chadian-led forum was intended to spur discussion and action about challenges and opportunities facing women.

Flintlock 2017 is the largest special operations exercise in Africa, including more than 20 countries training together to build enduring relationships and increase security and stability.

"Peace and security are key,” Amb. Geeta Pasi, U.S. Ambassador to Chad, said in French to the gathered group before her. “Because women are directly affected by conflict, women must be at the negotiating table for peace-building efforts and post-conflict decision making.”

This is the first time the U.S. military has hosted an event in conjunction with International Women’s Day in Chad.

While the question-and-answer portion with Chadian and U.S. women keynote panelists prompted more than two hours of conversation, it was during group discussions that Chadians delved into challenges and opportunities in their communities.

“Women have to remove the idea of inferiority in their heads to go further,” Chadian Lt Col Bella Adamou, a keynote panelist and a leader within the police force, said through an interpreter. “We always say that we are equal to men, but we have to prove we are equal to men by taking our place, by daring to do what they do. We have to change our mentality in that direction, and that we can have the opportunity to prove ourselves.”

The discussion groups focused on one of three topics previously identified by Chadian women: health, education, and business.

With each group moderated by a local woman leader, the teams spent their time discussing and developing a summary of issues and proposed solutions to present to the entire group at the event’s culmination.

The health group identified several key issues affecting the health sector in Chad, from the need for qualified personnel and the development of community health centers to the lack of awareness about mental health issues. Specifically focusing on how to build capacity in support of women’s health, the Chadian women proposed promoting free health screenings in rural populations, educating women in health concerns, developing pre- and post-natal care centers, and creating a cancer awareness campaign.

The business group discussed the different components of empowering women in both urban and rural areas and addressed cultural and social challenges for women within industry. Specifically, they proposed adopting policies that facilitate women’s access to education and professional training. These policies might include a reduction of taxes on women activities to facilitate competition, and develop women business incubators and a women’s chamber of commerce.

The education group primarily discussed the cause of the low literacy rate amongst Chadian women, and proposed possible solutions to increase it. They identified cultural norms, early marriage, poverty, and lack of awareness as major contributors to low literacy rates. To raise the literacy rate, they proposed two actions: the creation of all girls’ schools to foster a safe environment, and the generation of an education campaign with successful women’s testimonials, highlighting the importance of girls’ education to increase both parental and youth awareness. They also discussed how sustainable mentorship programs could provide guidance to young girls and create a safe platform for knowledge-sharing.

“We do hope by seeing this, the government would propose similar events that will help women to have confidence in themselves, and thus build up society in a positive way,” Kinga Nedege Kaoulouar, who works in the Chadian ministry of commerce, said through an interpreter.
Kinga was one of many women who expressed a desire to effect change in her local community and country, but there was no shortage of cross-cultural, global perspective during the event.

“While we are here today to celebrate and empower the women of Chad-- the issue at hand is global,” U.S. Army Col. Katherine Graef, a keynote panelist and SOCAFRICA director of logistics, said. “Dismissing gender equality as a women's issue leads to the erroneous conclusion that it is a ‘luxury’ issue to address if we have extra time or resources … As a fundamental building block of every culture, gender should inform any comprehensive security strategy-- just as history, religion, economics, or ethnicity must.”

For participants like Florence Bikomou, a Chadian decorator and clothing designer, the forum was more than an opportunity to network and discuss - it was the chance to move actionable concepts out of the conference room and into their communities.

“This alone gave me so much peace and joy,” said Bikomou. “I have hope for the future.”

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