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Republic of Burundi
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The United States established diplomatic relations with Burundi in 1962, following its independence from a Belgian-administered trusteeship. From 1993 to 2006, the country saw civil war driven by ethnic tensions. The 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Accords provided a negotiated settlement to the conflict. National elections in 2010 were judged by domestic and international observers to be free and fair. However, in 2015 U.S. relations with Burundi cooled as the country was racked by political unrest after President Nkurunziza sought an unconstitutional third term. The resulting protests and violence forced hundreds of thousands to flee into nearby countries, with approximately 350,000 refugees remaining there today. National elections are scheduled again for 2020, and the international community is closely watching to see if Nkurunziza will announce plans to run for a fourth term.